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USA Today (5/4) A study in Human Reproduction found women who ate fast food at least four times a week saw their risk of infertility rise from 8% to 16%, and they took nearly a month longer to become pregnant. The findings, based on data from 5,598 women in the UK, Ireland, New Zealand and Australia, showed women who ate fruit no more than three times a month were slower to become pregnant by half a month, and those who ate the least fruit saw risk of infertility rise from 8% to 12%.
The intrauterine device Liletta 52 milligrams was a safe and effective contraceptive five years after implantation, researchers reported at the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists annual meeting. The Phase III study included 1,568 women ages 16 to 35 and 146 ages 36 to 45.
The Connecticut Legislature passed and sent to Gov. Dannel Malloy a bill requiring the Department of Correction to determine whether female inmates are pregnant before they enter prison and provide those who are pregnant with prenatal and postpartum care. At least one prison health care provider would have to have training in pregnancy and childbirth, and shackling pregnant women during labor would be prohibited.
Pregnant women who took the antipsychotics olanzapine or quetiapine were at higher risk of gestational diabetes than those who stopped treatment during pregnancy, according to a study published in The American Journal of Psychiatry and presented at the American Psychiatric Association’s annual meeting. Women who continued the drugs while pregnant had greater comorbidity and longer antipsychotic use.
Researchers found that women who had experienced menarche at or before age 10 and had a body mass index of at least 25 kg/m2 were at 18% higher risk of developing diabetes than those who experienced menarche at age 13. The findings in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, based on 126,721 middle-aged women, also revealed an association between an increased diabetes risk and a history of hysterectomy/oophorectomy.
Research that included more than 1,100 women with breast cancer found earlier mammography may lead to the detection of smaller tumors and result in less aggressive treatments. The study, prepared for the American Society of Breast Surgeons meeting, did not prove cause-and-effect, but Dr. Len Lichtenfeld of the American Cancer Society said it is consistent with other evidence showing the value of early detection.
HealthDay News (5/3)
A study presented at the British Psychological Society’s annual meeting linked the time women spend using Facebook, Instagram and Pinterest to higher scores on thin-ideal internalization, objectified body consciousness and motivation to exercise. If social media time exceeded one hour daily, the associations were stronger.
A study of 16 women with HIV and their infants suggests that the viral variants that are passed to infants are immune to the mother’s antibodies in the blood. Researchers said in the journal PLOS Pathogens that a vaccine that increases maternal immune response could decrease already low rates of transmission with antiretroviral therapy.
MD Magazine online (5/3)
Blanchfield Army Community Hospital certified nurse midwife Carol Lindsey trained Tennessee-based Clarksville Tennova Healthcare nurse educators on fetal monitoring so they can teach staff and expand their program.
A US Preventive Services Task Force draft recommendation would call for clinicians to screen women of reproductive age for intimate partner violence and provide or refer to support services those who screen positive. The task force said there was not enough evidence to assess the harms and benefits of screening all older or vulnerable adults for abuse and neglect.
AAFP News (5/4)
Only 30% of children born to mothers with hepatitis C virus infections were screened for HCV as part of well-child care from 2006 through 2014, even though HCV infection prevalence among pregnant women rose by 60% during the same period, according to a study in Pediatrics. Maternal opioid use disorder, but not maternal tobacco use or other substance abuse, was associated with improved accuracy in determining the need for pediatric HCV testing.
2 Minute Medicine (5/2)
A study in JAMA Ophthalmology showed that artificial intelligence technology was 91% accurate when used to analyze images from infants’ eyes and diagnose retinopathy of prematurity. Eight physicians who specialize in the condition achieved 82% diagnostic accuracy, and the researchers say their findings “may change the way ROP is diagnosed in the future and are broadly relevant to other medical fields that rely primarily on subjective image-based diagnostic features.”